Australian employees cleaning up a park.)


Minimising our Environmental Impacts

CSL has an Environment, Health, Safety and Sustainability (EHS2) Strategic Plan that ensures its facilities operate to industry and regulatory standards.  This strategy includes compliance with government regulations and commitments for continuous improvement of health and safety in the workplace, as well as minimising the impact of operations on the environment. To drive this strategy, CSL implemented an EHS2 Management System (EHSMS) Standard.  Internal audits at three sites confirmed compliance with EHSMS. Completion of the remaining internal audits will be over the next two years.

Development, implementation, and improvement of employee safety & health processes and programs continue to focus on enhancement of a strong safety culture. Our Australian operations continue classification as an Established Licensee in respect to CSL’s self-insurance licence as granted by the Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission.

The Environment Protection Authority (EPA) in Victoria, Australia or any other equivalent Australian interstate or foreign government agency in relation to CSL’s Australian, European, North American or Asia Pacific operations have not issued any notice for environmental breaches during the year ended 30 June 2019.  CSL is currently finalising plans for remediation of impacted groundwater from historical contamination in a small portion of the Parkville site.    

In 2018/19, CSL, Parkville, closed out the Stage 1 non-compliance notice issued by the local water authority for elevated sulphide in wastewater discharged from the Parkville site.  Implemented corrective and preventive actions and continued sampling is demonstrating ongoing compliance. In July 2018, Seqirus, Liverpool, reported a refrigerant leak on a newly installed system.  The local Environmental Authority responded with an inspection and compliance notice.  Corrections were completed with no fines issued. In May 2019, CSL Behring, Broadmeadows, received a Stage 1 non-compliance notice from the local water authority for an elevated concentration of acetic acid in a sample of wastewater discharged to the sewer. CSL is investigating this event and is cooperating with the authority to resolve the issue.

Australian and foreign laws regulate environmental obligations and waste discharge quotas. Government agency audits and site inspections monitor CSL environmental performance. The EHS2 function continues to refine standards, processes, and data collection systems to ensure we are prepared for new regulatory requirements.

CSL has met its reporting obligations under the Australian Government’s National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act (2007) and Victorian Government’s Industrial Waste Management Policy (National Pollutant Inventory).

CSL’s environmental performance is particularly important and relevant to select stakeholders and CSL reaffirms its commitment to continue to participate in initiatives such as CDP's (climate change and water disclosures) to help inform investors of its environmental management approach and performance.

Our Environmental Impact Trends

We have restated our environmental data for the last three years against a new reporting timeframe (April to March) to support publication of our environmental performance at the same time as our financial performance.

Our environmental performance includes: manufacturing facilities held by Seqirus (three facilities in Australia, the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (US)) and CSL Behring (five facilities in Australia, Germany, Switzerland and the US); CSL Plasma operations, including testing laboratories and  plasma centres, across Germany, Hungary and the US; Administrative and R&D operations co-located with our manufacturing facilities; and the respective head offices for Seqirus (Maindenhead, UK), CSL Behring (King of Prussia, US), CSL Plasma (Boca Raton, US) and CSL Limited (Parkville, Australia). For April 2018/March 2019, increasing production output is reflected in an increasing environmental footprint, however environmental initiatives, together with increasing use of the production capacity of recently built plants, led to decreasing energy, greenhouse gas (GHG) and water intensities. Nonetheless, CSL’s facilities require significant amounts of energy and water for operational procedures such as test runs, validation of equipment and operation when not at full capacity. Furthermore, HVAC energy consumption for clean room areas is nearly independent of production output. CSL continues to be challenged by its expanding manufacturing footprint, which is growing to help meet product demand and deliver new and improved therapies to patients.

Indicator Unit 16-171.10
(April to March)
(April to March)
(April to March)
Energy Consumption2 Petajoules (PJ) 3.11 3.27 3.39
Greenhouse Gas Emmissions3 Kilotonnes CO2-e (KT)
2959 3086/9 319 
Water Consumption Gigalitres (GL) 3.35 3.616 3.87 
Total Waste Metric Kilotonnes (KT) 32.67 49.157 61.40
Waste Recycling Rate4 Percentage % 51 435 42 

1. Data reported, with offsets, are inclusive of manufacturing sites located in Bern (Switzerland), Marburg (Germany), Kankakee (US), Parkville (Australia) and Broadmeadows (Australia), CSL Plasma, CSL Behring headquarters (King of Prussia, US) and the two Seqirus manufacturing sites at Holly Springs (US) and Liverpool (UK). Offsets are supply of energy to third parties on or near a CSL production site. Included offsets are scope 1 & 2 energy supplies only. Not included are production sites located in Wuhan (China) and production site under construction in Lengnau (Switzerland).
2. Includes scope 1 & 2 energy sources. Scope 1 energy sources are fossil energy sources supplied or used on site. Scope 2 energy sources are electricity, steam, compressed air and nitrogen used on site.
3. The major greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted from CSL’s operation is carbon dioxide (CO2). In USA, Germany, UK and Switzerland, GHG emission factors are used to calculate CO2 emissions only. In Australia, GHG emission factors used by CSL calculate carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane emissions. Total emissions for Australian facilities are expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-e).
4. The recycling rate represents the proportion of total waste generated that is either reused or recycled.
5. Data has been restated downwards following the adjustment of an internal formula.
6. Due to some inconsistency and gaps in energy and water consumption data, recording for CSL Plasma may impact overall values reported by an estimated 1-3%.
7. Includes additional previously not reported waste streams from CSL Plasma and increase in liquid waste streams from Liverpool.
8. Includes additional previously not reported waste streams from CSL Plasma.
9. FY 16-17 emission data require a downward correction by 30 KT due to an incorrect conversion.
10. CSL Plasma electrical, gas and water usage calculations are based on utilities invoices submitted by city or local utility companies. In some cases the utility invoicing is provided by the centre lessor without usage data. In these cases usage is estimated. Since plasma centres have similar equipment, square footage and design, usage does not show any significant variation. The only variation that is seen is due to extreme weather changes within a specific geographic zone. Where values were not reported, previously reported usage and/or an average usage amongst all centres was used to complete the calculation. In most cases, the respective contracted waste handler reports waste volumes. In a few cases, the data within Oregon, US, and Washington, US, are not received in the same means that contracted waste handlers report the volumes. Since these centres operate at a similar volume to other centres, the average waste volume is used as the basis to complete the yearly waste volume loads.