Australian employees cleaning up a park.)


Minimising our Environmental Impacts

CSL has an Environment, Health, Safety and Sustainability (EHS2) Strategic Plan which ensures its facilities operate to industry and regulatory standards. This strategy includes compliance with government regulations and commitments to continuously improve the health and safety of the workforce as well as minimising the impact of operations on the environment. To drive this strategy, an internal Global CSL EHS2 Management System (EHS2MS) Standard has been developed and gives regard to the international standards, ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems and draft ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems.

Aside from minor sewer permit non-compliances detailed below; no environmental breaches have been notified by the Environment Protection Authority (EPA) in Victoria, Australia or by any other equivalent Australian interstate or foreign government agency in relation to CSL’s Australian, European, North American or Asia Pacific operations during the year ended 30 June 2018. During the year CSL has directly engaged with EPA Victoria regarding historical contamination of groundwater in a small portion of the Parkville, Australia, site and has been in discussion with the EPA on actions to remediate any impact. This engagement is ongoing.

In addition, a letter of non-compliance with trade waste agreement requirements was issued to CSL by the local water authority in relation to an elevated sample result for sulphide in wastewater discharged to the sewer from the Parkville site. CSL is working with the authority to resolve this issue to their satisfaction. A second non-compliance with a wastewater permit limit sampling issue at the Holly Springs (USA) site has been rectified with the authority and subsequent sampling is demonstrating compliance.

For 2017/18, increasing production output is reflected in an increasing environmental footprint, however environmental initiatives, together with increasing use of the production capacity of recently built plants, led to decreasing energy, greenhouse gas (GHG) and water intensities. Nonetheless, CSL’s facilities require significant amounts of energy and water for operational procedures such as test runs, validation of equipment and operation when not at full capacity. Furthermore, HVAC energy consumption for clean room areas is nearly independent of production output. CSL continues to be challenged by its expanding manufacturing footprint, which is growing to help meet product demand and deliver new and improved therapies to patients.

Our Environmental Impact Trends

In 2015/16, CSL increased its footprint from five to seven manufacturing sites following the acquisition of the Novartis influenza vaccine business. For comparative purposes, we have provided data from 2014 to 2015 which excludes the Novartis influenza vaccine acquired sites.

Indicator Unit 13-141 14-151 15-165  16-17 17-18
Energy Consumption2 Petajoules (PJ) 2.25 2.43 2.87 3.17 3.31
Greenhouse Gas Emmissions3 Kilotonnes CO2-e (KT)
223 240 277.076 3008/10 3108
Water Consumption Gigalitres (GL) 2.60 2.69 3.14 3.438 3.648
Total Waste Metric Kilotonnes (KT) 20.26 21.83 44.076 33.076 54.036/9
Waste Recycling Rate4 Percentage %  59 59 527 517 437


1. Data reported, with offsets, are inclusive of manufacturing sites located in Bern (Switzerland), Marburg (Germany), Kankakee (US), Parkville (Australia) and Broadmeadows (Australia), CSL Plasma, CSL Behring headquarters (King of Prussia, US). Offsets are supply of energy to third parties on or near a CSL production site. Included offsets are scope 1 & 2 energy supplies only.
2. Includes scope 1 & 2 energy sources. Scope 1 energy sources are fossil energy sources supplied or used on site. Scope 2 energy sources are electricity, steam, compressed air and nitrogen used on site.
3. The major greenhouse gas (GHG) emitted from CSL’s operation is carbon dioxide (CO2). In USA, Germany, UK and Switzerland, GHG emission factors are used to calculate CO2 emissions only. In Australia, GHG emission factors used by CSL calculate carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane emissions. Total emissions for Australian facilities are expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2-e).
4. The recycling rate represents the proportion of total waste generated that is either reused or recycled.
5. In addition to note 1 above, data from 2015/16 onwards includes the two new Seqirus manufacturing sites at Holly Springs (US) and Liverpool (UK).
6. Waste totals include the two new Seqirus manufacturing sites at Holly Springs (US) and Liverpool (UK). Total 2015/16 includes construction based waste driven by CSL’s manufacturing expansion activities.
7. Data has been restated downwards following the adjustment of an internal formula.
8. Due to some inconsistency and gaps in energy and water consumption data, recording for CSL Plasma may impact overall values reported by an estimated 1-3%.
9. Includes additional previously not reported waste streams from CSL Plasma and increase in liquid waste streams from Liverpool.
10. 15-16 and 16-17 emission data require a downward correction by 26 and 30 KT respectively due to an incorrect conversion.